Act the Aposlte 2: 1
”When the day of Pentecost had come, they were
all together in one place”.
Holy Spirit is with us when we are united. This unity in the
Church takes place under the direction of the Holy Father,
working with the bishops of the Church. The Canon Law of the
Eastern Churches defines the respective roles and authority of
the Pope, the Patriarch and the Bishops in this way:
- The eparchial bishop, as a vicar and legate of Christ,
governs in his own name the eparchy entrusted to him for
shepherding. This power, which he exercises personally in the
name of Christ, is proper, ordinary, and immediate,
although its exercise is ultimately regulated by the Supreme
Authority of the Church and can be defined with certain limits
should the usefulness of the Church or the Christian faithful
Canon 55 -
According to the most ancient tradition of the Church, already
recognized by the first ecumenical councils, the patriarchal
institution has existed in the Church; for this reason a special
honor is to be accorded to the patriarchs of the Eastern
Churches, each of whom presides over his patriarchal Church as
father and head.
is, the Chaldean Patriarch is father and head of the Chaldean
Church, which means:
Canon 28 - §1.
A rite is the
liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary patrimony,
culture and circumstances of history of a distinct people,
by which its own manner of living the faith is manifested in
each Church sui iuris.
Chaldean bishop shares with the other members of the Synod of
Bishops, headed by the Patriarch, the common responsibility of
patrimony, culture and circumstances
named in Canon 28.
Canon 78 - §2.
The power of the patriarch is exercised validly only inside
the territorial boundaries of the patriarchal Church unless
the nature of the matter or the common or particular law
approved by the Roman Pontiff establishes otherwise.
Canon 43 -
The bishop of the Church of Rome, in whom resides the office
given in special way by the Lord to Peter, first of the Apostles
and to be transmitted to his successors, is head of the college
of bishops, the Vicar of Christ and Pastor of the entire
Church on earth; therefore, in virtue of his office he
enjoys supreme, full, immediate and universal ordinary power
in the Church which he can always freely exercise.
Therefore, for the Chaldean Dioceses in the West, the local
Bishop shares with other bishops of the Chaldean Synod, headed
by the Patriarch, the concerns and responsibilities expressed in
Canon 28. As for the administration of his Diocese, the bishop
is the “proper, ordinary, and immediate” shepherd of his
Diocese (Canon 178), directly under the primacy the Pope, as
organized by the Holy See.
Act 2:2 . ”And suddenly a sound came from heaven
like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the
house where they were sitting”.
authority of the Bishops resembles this wind:
is “mighty,” because real strength is needed to
accomplish the work of the Gospel.
is meant to spread like the wind to the whole Diocese,
not leaving any corner alone.
is invisible, and unseen by those with no faith, though
it is real whether they see it or not.
Act 2: 3 ”And there appeared to them tongues
as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them”.
work of the ministers of the Church resembles fire:
1. Fire is a source of heat, to give warmth
to souls who are cold.
2. Fire is a source of light, to enlighten
souls that are in darkness.
3. Fire is a source of purification, to burn away
all that is impure in the Church.
that today may be for all of us the opportunity to confirm our
unity in faith as a Diocese, surrounding our bishop and clergy,
within the whole body of the Chaldean Church, in full communion
with the holy Catholic Church, the body of Christ.