About Us من نحن

Archivesالأرشيف   Interviews   مقابلات kaldu.org  كلدو Contact Us اتصلوا بنا Links  دليل

          Jan 09, 2014




Homily Outline for Pentecost Sunday

June 8, 2014

Act the Aposlte 2: 1

”When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place”.


- The Holy Spirit is with us when we are united. This unity in the Church takes place under the direction of the Holy Father, working with the bishops of the Church. The Canon Law of the Eastern Churches defines the respective roles and authority of the Pope, the Patriarch and the Bishops in this way:



Canon 178 - The eparchial bishop, as a vicar and legate of Christ, governs in his own name the eparchy entrusted to him for shepherding. This power, which he exercises personally in the name of Christ, is proper, ordinary, and immediate, although its exercise is ultimately regulated by the Supreme Authority of the Church and can be defined with certain limits should the usefulness of the Church or the Christian faithful require it.


Canon 55 - According to the most ancient tradition of the Church, already recognized by the first ecumenical councils, the patriarchal institution has existed in the Church; for this reason a special honor is to be accorded to the patriarchs of the Eastern Churches, each of whom presides over his patriarchal Church as father and head.


That is, the Chaldean Patriarch is father and head of the Chaldean Church, which means:


Canon 28 - 1. A rite is the liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary patrimony, culture and circumstances of history of a distinct people, by which its own manner of living the faith is manifested in each Church sui iuris.


Every Chaldean bishop shares with the other members of the Synod of Bishops, headed by the Patriarch, the common responsibility of the patrimony, culture and circumstances named in Canon 28.


Canon 78 - 2. The power of the patriarch is exercised validly only inside the territorial boundaries of the patriarchal Church unless the nature of the matter or the common or particular law approved by the Roman Pontiff establishes otherwise.

The Pope:

Canon 43 - The bishop of the Church of Rome, in whom resides the office given in special way by the Lord to Peter, first of the Apostles and to be transmitted to his successors, is head of the college of bishops, the Vicar of Christ and Pastor of the entire Church on earth; therefore, in virtue of his office he enjoys supreme, full, immediate and universal ordinary power in the Church which he can always freely exercise.


Therefore, for the Chaldean Dioceses in the West, the local Bishop shares with other bishops of the Chaldean Synod, headed by the Patriarch, the concerns and responsibilities expressed in Canon 28. As for the administration of his Diocese, the bishop is the “proper, ordinary, and immediate” shepherd of his Diocese (Canon 178), directly under the primacy the Pope, as organized by the Holy See.

Act 2:2 . ”And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting”.

- The authority of the Bishops resembles this wind:

1. It is “mighty,” because real strength is needed to accomplish the work of the Gospel.

2. It is meant to spread like the wind to the whole Diocese, not leaving any corner alone. 

3. It is invisible, and unseen by those with no faith, though it is real whether they see it or not.

Act 2: 3 ”And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them”.

- The work of the ministers of the Church resembles fire:

            1. Fire is a source of heat, to give warmth to souls who are cold.

            2. Fire is a source of light, to enlighten souls that are in darkness.

            3. Fire is a source of purification, to burn away all that is impure in the Church.

In conclusion, we pray that today may be for all of us the opportunity to confirm our unity in faith as a Diocese, surrounding our bishop and clergy, within the whole body of the Chaldean Church, in full communion with the holy Catholic Church, the body of Christ.